Obama's super committee to control the debt sounds a lot like GosPlan (command economy) from the USSR. The council's decisions took the form of decrees and decisions to the Czars(The Pres's council of ministers).
Both the Republican Party and Democratic Party have central committees. The Union commissariats directed their designated branches of administration throughout the USSR directly or through subordinate agencies; the Union-republican commissariats directed their corresponding branches, based on registers of enterprises or institutions, through republican commissariats of the same name; and the republican commissariats were responsible only to the councils of people's commissars in their own republics.
One of the duties of Gosplan was creation of Five-Year Plans.